Once you have completed the first steps and considered your interests, skills, personality, and career-related values, you will be ready to explore career fields.
To determine the best fit for you, it is important to understand the specifics of the industries you are considering. There are multiple ways to conduct this type of research, including:
There are several websites devoted to industry and organizational research. Start by visiting the Vault Campus Online library, which has comprehensive information on numerous occupations, industries, and specific companies. You can download the numerous Vault guides free of charge when you access it through YUCareerLink. NOTE: If you are currently using a computer off campus, you MUST log in to YU CareerLink in order to access Vault. Other useful sites include:
- www.onetonline.org (Categorizes occupations and explains skills and knowledge needed in a given field)
- www.careerinfonet.org (America's Career InfoNet, which includes excellent videos explaining occupations)
- www.glassdoor.com (Salary information on specific organizations as well as reviews directly from current or previous employees)
- InsideJobs.com (Helps users figure out what careers they want to pursue; features descriptions and videos about hundreds of professions)
- Useful websites (Career Center)list of great sites for industry and company research)
Speaking with alumni and other contacts is one of the best ways to learn about an industry and organization. Be sure to do preliminary research before speaking with industry professionals. Use informational interviews to learn the culture of an industry or organization, what a typical day is like, and general career paths within the field. Remember to be professional and courteous and do NOT ask for a job directly. See the Career Center fact sheet on networking and informational interviewing for more information. In addition, the Career Center also subscribes to CandidCareer.com, where you can watch videos of informational interviews with professionals.
Visit the Career Center as well as any library and/or bookstore to find relevant books and periodicals. Read publications related to your field of interest, including magazines, newspapers, trade journals, and others.
Associations offer excellent opportunities to explore different industries and to network with professionals who are active in their fields. Most associations offer substantially reduced membership rates for students. By joining, you gain access to website resources, job listings, periodicals and newsletters, and invitations to local and national conferences and networking events. You can find listings of professional associations online through many sites, including Weddle's Associations Directory.
Gaining direct experience, through an internship, volunteer work, or a part-time position, provides multiple benefits. First, it will help you determine if you enjoy working in that field. Reading about an industry is never the same as gaining hands-on experience. Second, it will help you build your resume, so you can impress employers. Finally, it will help you gain valuable skills which will be useful regardless of what career you ultimately choose to pursue. To learn more about internships, click here, and to view resources on finding an internship, click here. To find volunteer opportunities, check out www.smartvolunteer.org.
Career Center Industry Overviews
Below are fact sheets which provide brief overviews of career tracks within select industries. They also include websites for additional information. As you conduct this research, some aspects to consider about a career field include:
- Education/skill requirements:
What level of education does this industry typically require? Is additional graduate level work necessary for this industry? What specific skills do you need to have to be successful in this industry?
- Day-to-day job operations:
What does a typical day look like for an employee in this industry? How do the roles of the various members of an organization differ within the industry?
- Industry trends and industry predictions:
What is the future of this industry? Is it currently expanding? What are the common trends occurring in this industry?
- Personality traits/experiences valued by the field:
Are there particular traits exhibited by people in this field that are necessary to be successful? Are there shared experiences that many of the people in this field have (i.e. leadership experience, teamwork experience, customer service backgrounds, or any other specific type of experience)?
- Salary information:
What salary range can you anticipate to be offered, given your education and experience level?
- Hiring cycles:
What is the hiring cycle of the industry in which you are interested? Different industries often recruit at different times of the year and for different lengths of time. How far in advance do they recruit, and when are typical deadlines?
- Industry recruiting practices:
Do companies in this industry come to campus to recruit Yeshiva students? Is ''word of mouth'' the best way to obtain a position within this industry? Many fields have unique recruiting practices, so it is important to note these before beginning your search.
Visit the Top Resources section of this site for more useful links, guides and additional tools.
Note: The following fact sheets are PDF documents. Download Adobe Reader to view them.
- Accounting (PDF)
- Actuary and Statistics (PDF)
- Allied Health (PDF)
- Arts and Arts Management (PDF)
- Consulting (PDF)
- Diagnostic Medicine (PDF)
- Education (PDF)
- Engineering (PDF)
- Environmental "Green" Careers (PDF)
- Fashion and Retail (PDF)
- Finance (PDF)
- Government and Public Service (PDF)
- Myths about Careers in Government and Public Service (PDF)
- Jewish Community (PDF)
- Law (PDF)
- Management (PDF)
- Marketing (PDF)
- Media (PDF)
- Nonprofit (PDF)
- Non-Profit Guide from Idealist
- Psychology (PDF)
- Real Estate (PDF)
- Scientific Research (PDF) and information on Science Writing
- Social Work (PDF)
- Sports Management (PDF)