Using research, either in the form of quoting or paraphrasing an author, strengthens the validity of an argument.
When we, members of an academic community, use research, we show evidence of having academic integrity.
Academic integrity is the notion that we gain knowledge from the ideas of others; we must then be responsible for crediting other scholars for the ideas that we learn from them.
It is absolutely necessary to be honest about the information we learn from others and to cite the sources of those authors who teach us.
To maintain academic integrity, it is important to cite your sources according to the documentation style used by your discipline or requested by your professor. Click on the appropriate documentation style below.
The American Psychological Association (APA) documentation style (PDF) in often used is psychology, sociology, and education.
Modern Language Association (MLA) documentation style (PDF) is often used in humanities courses, such as foreign languages and English literature.
The American Political Science Association (APSA) style sheet is used by scholars in that discipline.
If you have further questions about what method to use or how to cite properly, speak to your professor or visit the Writing Center.