Writing Research Papers
Political Science Citation Guide
When you follow the Style Manual for Political Science (1993) published by the American Political Science Association (APSA), use parenthetical citations within your text to indicate the source of borrowed ideas and quotations.
At the end of your paper you should provide a list of all of the references cited in your paper. The sample citations and references on these pages are drawn from the Style Manual for Political Science, revised edition, 1993, and from The Chicago Manual of Style, 14th edition (1993).
The following Web sites will prove useful as you begin to become familiar with the APSA form of citation in your papers:
- Amherst College Writing Center
- Guides to Methods for Students of Political Science
- Princeton Writing Program
- Indiana University Writing Tutorial Services
- Writing Center—University of Wisconsin-Madison
Analytical writing is a craft that takes practice to master. To obtain personal assistance, visit the Beren Campus Writing Center.
- US Senate: http://www.senate.gov/
- US House: http://www.house.gov/
- The White House: http://www.whitehouse.gov/
- US State Department: http://www.state.gov/
- Thomas Library of Congress--Search for Legislation: http://thomas.loc.gov/
- US Library of Congress: http://www.loc.gov/index.html
- US Government's Official Web Portal: http://www.usa.gov/
- US Supreme Court: http://www.supremecourt.gov/
- US Department of Defense: http://www.defense.gov/
- The UN: www.un.org
- European Union: http://europa.eu/
- International Atomic Energy Agency: www.iaea.org
- NATO: www.nato.int
- World Bank: www.worldbank.org
- International Monetary Fund: www.imf.org
- British Government www.direct.gov.uk
Special Interest/Lobbying Groups
- National Rifle Association: www.nra.org
- American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC): www.aipac.org
- AFL-CIO: www.aflcio.org
- American Farm Bureau: www.fb.com
- Business-Industry Political Action Committee: www.bipac.org
- National Farmers Union: www.nfu.org
- US Chamber of Commerce: www.uschamber.org
- NARAL Pro Choice America: www.naral.org
- National Right to Life: www.nrlc.org
- National Taxpayers Union: www.ntu.org
- Christian Coalition of America: www.cc.org
- American Civil Liberties Union: www.aclu.org
- Mothers Against Drunk Driving: www.madd.org
- National Coalition on Health Care: www.nchc.org
- The Brookings Institution: www.brookings.edu
- Cato Institute: www.cato.org
- Center for American Progress: http://www.americanprogress.org/
- Center for Budget and Policy Priorities: http://www.cbpp.org/
- Demos: http://www.demos.org/
- The Heritage Foundation: www.heritage.org
- Hudson Institute www.hudson.org
- Association of Professional Schools of International Affairs
- American University
- University of Chicago
- Columbia University
- University of Denver
- Duke University
- Georgetown University
- George Washington University
- Harvard University
- Johns Hopkins SAIS
- London School of Economics
- University of Minnesota
- Monterey Institute of International Studies
- University of Pittsburgh
- Princeton University
- Syracuse University
- University of Toronto
- Tufts University
- University of California at San Diego
- University of Southern California
Policy and Public Administration
- Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs
- Harris School of Public Policy
- Harvard Kennedy School of Government
- Wagner School
- University of Chicago, School of Social Service Administration
- University of Washington School of Social Work
- Wurzweiler School of Social Work
Students often find that internships enhance their practical knowledge of politics and provide them with valuable work experience as well as useful contacts. Students are strongly encouraged to seek out these opportunities. Internships might be combined with academic work in independent studies for course credit.
Many students have found many rewarding opportunities in Washington D.C. through the Orthodox Union - Institute for Public Affairs program.
Below you will find a listing of a small sample of the many internship options. Look them over carefully. You should also consult some of the many internship search engines and databases available online.
International and Domestic Politics and Policy
- ADL Summer Internship (Anti-Defamation League) - New York
- AIPAC (American Israel Public Affairs Committee; pro-Israel lobby)
- American Foreign Policy Council
- American Jewish World Service (international aid and justice)
- Brookings Institutions (Washington, DC)
- The Carter Center Internship Program
- Century Foundation (a progressive research foundation; New York and DC).
- Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (numerous internships; paid and part-paid in media, health policy, housing, income security, etc.)
- Children's Defense Fund (Washington, DC)
- Common Cause (liberal activist organization)
- Henry L. Stimson Center
- Human Rights Watch
- Jewish Council for Public Affairs
- NOW Legal Momentum (paid and unpaid, New York and D.C.)
- NYPIRG (New York Public Interest Group)
- World Policy Institute (New York; paid and unpaid)
Additional listings can be found at the websites of national advocacy organizations and think tanks.
- New York City Mayor’s Office and City Council
- New York City- Multiple listings in city government.
- NYC Summer Internships - Recent participating agencies include: Department of Transporation, Economic Development, Youth and Community Development, Homeless Services, and Environmental Protection.
- New York City Urban Fellows Program ($25,000). For recent graduates; applications due between September through mid-January.
- New York State Assembly & Senate Internships (paid)
- American Foreign Service Association
- Senator Charles Schumer Internships
- Department of Health and Human Services
- Department of Education
- Securities and Exchange Commission (under Internships)
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
- United Nations (UNICEF, International Money Fund, Democracy Watch, Human Rights, and others).
Department Internship Guidelines
Students may also take one internship to count towards satisfaction of the elective requirement. Before students register for internship credit, they need to consult with the department and with the advising center to learn of specific requirements and restrictions of these two options.
Further DC internship advice from PolitixGroup: “One of the best ways to find employment in the Washington DC area is to intern. Whether it is for the United States Congress, the White House, a think tank, political parties, or another branch of the government, DC internships offer you an experience that is a unique perspective and an excellent complement to your education and/or your political aspirations
While summer is the most convenient time for many young people to intern in DC, spring and fall is the best time to apply for internships. Competition is fierce for internship slots in the summer, while during the other parts of the year, it is easier to get selected.
Washington, DC is an expensive city in which to live. The fact that most internships are unpaid does not help. It is important to have either some money saved, family financial backing, or to consider even a part-time job while you are up here. While it is expensive, don't let that deter you from pursuing an internship. The long-term political experience that you will gain will definitely outweigh the short-term financial strain.
Whether you go on to a career in politics or not, an internship in Washington, DC will provide you with a valuable learning experience which will serve you well in whatever career you choose to pursue. Interns, especially interns in DC, run the city and are regarded as a precious commodity, whether they are opening mail or helping to draft policy. Besides learning a great deal, they also have a lot of fun. We cannot recommend internships enough to students, and hope that everyone will have the chance to have the experience.”
Scholarships and Fellowships
- Azrieli Fellowships in Public and International Affairs (speak with Dr. Luders)
- Gilman International Scholarship
- Marshall Scholarship
- Thomas Pickering Foreign Affairs Fellowship (Department of State)
- Rhodes Scholarship
- Truman Scholarship ($25,000)
- Thomas J. Watson Fellowship (study abroad) Click here for a general listing.
- The Elie Wiesel Prize in Ethics - Essay Contest (juniors and seniors; December deadline)