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    HISTORY (HIST)

    Explanatory Note on History Numbering System:

    Courses in history are divided into fields, defined in terms of geographic area, subject matter or historical period. Those courses numbered x1xx focus on Europe; x2xx on North America; x3xx on the Middle East; x4xx on East Asia, Africa, and Latin America; x5xx on the relations between the west and the non-western world; x6xx on legal and constitutional history; x7xx on history of science; x8xx on the ancient world; and x9xx on major historical themes that transcend the usual chronological and geographic divisions.

    Courses numbered 1xxx are introductory level courses; those numbered 2xxx are electives; and those numbered 3xxx are capstone seminars intended primarily for majors. (Non-majors wishing to take one of the capstone seminars may do so only with the approval of the course instructor.) 4xxx level courses are senior theses or independent study courses.

    I. Introductory Courses

    II. Electives

    III. Capstone Seminars

    IV. Senior Thesis and Indepedent Study

    I. Introductory Courses

    *HIST 1101 (1001 - old title: Western Civilization I) The Emergence of Europe
    Major themes in the cultural, political, and social evolution of the West from antiquity to the Reformation.

    *HIST 1102 (1002 - old title: Western Civilization II) The Transformations of Europe
    Survey of European history from the age of absolutism to the European Union of today.

    HIST 1201, HIST 1202 (2005/2006) Survey of United States History
    Aspects of American history that have contributed to the shaping of American culture; evaluation of political, social, and economic trends in the light of changing ideals. First semester: colonial times to 1877; second semester: 1877 to the present.

    HIST 1301, HIST 1302 (3221/3222) The Middle East I, II
    Provides the background for understanding current Middle East politics, the relationship between the West and the Middle East, and the resurgence of religion in the region. First semester: the emergence and the development of Islamic society; political, social, religious, and economic history of the Middle East from the 7th through the 17th century. Second semester: history, culture, and politics of the modern Middle East from the end of the 17th century to the present.

    HIST 1401 (3300) History of East Asia
    Introduction to the history and culture of the major civilizations of East Asia, with particular focus on China and Japan. The development of traditional society and the growth and transformation of Confucian ideas and institutions. Covers the differing responses of China and Japan to the challenge of Western imperialism, impact of World War II on East Asia, and the Chinese Revolution.

    HIST 1501 The Contemporary World: Main Currents in Global History Since World War II
    Focuses on the dominant military, economic, and cultural role of the United States in international affairs. Topics include World War II, the Grand Alliance and its dissolution; the advent of the nuclear age and arms race; origins of the cold war in Europe; the Chinese Revolution and the Korean War; decolonization and wars of national liberation in Asia and Africa; Latin America; the Middle East; the fall of the Soviet Union; terrorism and ethnic conflict; and the global economy in the Internet era.

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    II. Electives

    HIST 2101 (1120) Medieval Society
    History of European politics, society, and religion in the Middle Ages, from the 5th to the 14th centuries, with a particular focus on selected primary sources from the period and how historians view them today.

    HIST 2104 (1140) The Renaissance and Reformation
    European thought and culture in the age of transition, from the 14th to the 17th centuries.

    HIST 2107 (1240 - old title: Revolutionary Europe) Old Regime and the French Revolution
    History of France from the death of Louis XIV to the coup d’état of Napoleon. The first half of the course examines the social and political structures of the Old Regime, the crisis of the French monarchy, and the failure of reform; the second half focuses on the emergence of a democratic political culture during the Revolution, the process of radicalization, and the recurrent problem of how to bring the Revolution to a close.

    HIST 2111 (3208) Eastern Europe: 1914-1989
    Political, social, and economic development of Eastern Europe—the lands between Germany and Russia—between World War I and the East European revolutions of 1989. Emphasis on the nationalities conflict and economic backwardness.

    HIST 2121 (4223) Images of Empire
    Examines the enduring power of classical models of empire in the Western tradition, particularly the influence of the Roman Empire on empires from Charlemagne to Mussolini. Explores how ancient discussions about slaves, images of rulers, and debates about female rulers such as Cleopatra and her successors affected their more modern counterparts.

    HIST 2124 (4930) History of the Book: From Gutenberg to Google
    Focuses on some of the major themes in the history of the book during the age of the wooden hand press (1460 to ca. 1800): the transition from manuscript to print and the changing physical appearance of books, publishing and the book trade, copyright and censorship, and the history of reading. The final section of the course examines the world of books in the age of Google, comparing the internet revolution of today with the Gutenberg revolution of the early-modern period.

    HIST 2127 (1601 - old title: European Intellectual History) The European Enlightenment
    Examines works by some of the major figures of the eighteenth-century Enlightenment, such as Voltaire, Diderot, Rousseau, Hume and Kant. Considers the institutional settings in which Enlightenment ideas took shape, the media through which they were disseminated, and the public debates that they provoked.

    HIST 2141 (1285) The Holocaust
    (Same as JHIS 1485 at Stern.) Fate of European Jewry between 1933 and 1945. Topics include the rise of the Jewish question in 19th-century Europe; World War I and its consequences; causes of the Weimar Republics collapse; Nazi seizure of power; Nazi Jewish policies; ghettoization in Nazi Europe; conception and implementation of the Nazi Final Solution; life in the ghettos; the Judenrat; and Jewish resistance.

    HIST 2144 (1580) Polish-Jewish Relations in Modern Times
    Polish-Jewish relations in the period 1764 to the present, viewed within the larger context of the disappearance of Poland from the political map of Europe in the late 18th century, the persistence of Polish statelessness throughout 19th century, and the influence of this development on the lack of Jewish social integration into Polish society. Second part of the course examines the thriving Jewish cultural and spiritual life in the independent Polish state, the Holocaust, post-World War II relations, and the current renewal of Jewish life in Poland.

    HIST 2149 Topics in European History (3 credits) Topics may vary by semester.

    HIST 2151 (4697) Nationalism in Modern European History
    Rise and spread of national movements in 19th-century Europe. Emphasis on the transition from liberal nationalism in the first half of the 19th century to ethnolinguistic nationalism in the final decades prior to World War I.

    HIST 2154 (1572) History of Modern Russia
    History of Russia from the era of Peter the Great to the death of Stalin after World War II.

    HIST 2157 (1574) Modern Poland: From Subjugation to Independence, 1772-1989
    History of Poland from the loss of sovereignty at the close of the 18th century to the East European revolutions of 1989. Topics include 19th-century attempts to regain independence; the Polish question during World War I; independent Poland between the two world wars; destruction of Poland in World War II; Communist Poland after World War II; and the return to freedom in the tumultuous year of 1989.

    HIST 2201 (2110) American Colonial History
    Origins and development of the English North American colonies from the early 17th century to the eve of the American Revolution. Contacts between Europeans and American Indians; Puritanism; slavery; economic growth; urbanization; relations with England.

    HIST 2204 (2170) The United States: 1850-1877
    Sectionalism, Civil War, and Reconstruction. Impact of slavery on American society. The irrepressible conflict. Military campaigns. The home front-North and South. The attempt to restructure Southern society and its failure.

    HIST 2207 (2255) The New Deal and The Great Depression
    Examination of the American economy of the 1920s and its weaknesses; the Depression and unemployment, and the measures undertaken by the New Deal to counteract their devastating impact; the emerging social forces that challenged traditional political and social structures.

    HIST 2210 (2250) The United States: 1941 Present
    Domestic politics and international relations of the United States from World War II to 9/11. The origins and impact of the cold war; the civil rights struggle; Vietnam War; Watergate and the imperial presidency; economic and social change.

    HIST 2213 (2545) American Politics and Culture in the 1960s
    The Vietnam War; student, civil rights, and women's movements; rise of youth culture; and the origins of the contemporary conservative movement.

    HIST 2221; 2222 (2301/2302) American Cultural History
    Selected topics in 19th and 20th-century cultural history, such as the myth of the frontier, the difference between high and low culture, working class leisure activities, the rise of the film industry, the Jazz Age and the Harlem renaissance, the Depression, and the transformation of popular culture in the 1950s and 1960s.

    HIST 2225 (2320) Social Movements in American History
    Examines a variety of social movements and protest politics of 19th and 20th centuries: abolitionist movement, women's movement, populism, the KKK, movements of the Depression era, the 1960s, the New Right, and protest movements in the era of globalization. Explores the ideology, political culture, mobilization, identity politics, and empowerment strategies of these movements.

    HIST 2228 (2530) Ethnicity and Immigration in America
    The experience of national and ethnic immigrant groups from early settlements in the colonies to the present; the economic, political, and religious rationale for migration; social and cultural traditions and expectations of the immigrants, their interaction with American society, and patterns of adaptation.

    HIST 2231 (2621) The History of New York City
    New York City from colonial times to 21st century and its status as a postindustrial city. Focuses on following themes: the people of the city; its immigrants; its neighborhoods; its cultures; the post-World War II trend of urban renewal and its effects; the rise and fall and resurgence of some neighborhoods; urban politics; the status of the city facing the economic and political trends of a globalizing world.

    HIST 2234 (2560) History of Women in the United States
    Historical survey of women's experiences in the United States from the colonial era to the present; changes in the economic role of women; family life; changing ideals of womanhood; suffrage movement; and feminism.

    HIST 2237 (2580) African-American History
    History of African Americans from their origins in Africa to their current situation in the United States. Focuses on the institution of slavery, showing how it changed over time and how African American culture evolved; the ways in which African Americans coped with the violence and discrimination they faced in the South after the Civil War as well as their struggle for racial equality in the 20th century; cultural achievements of African Americans in the North and the South.

    HIST 2240 (2581) American Jewish History
    (Same as JHIS 1573 at Stern.) Major political, economic, and cultural developments from colonial beginnings to the present; the Jewish experience in its American historical context; the Jewish labor movement, rise of American Zionism, and role of American Jewry during the Holocaust.

    HIST 2251 (2510) History of American Foreign Policy
    U.S. foreign policy from the American Revolution to World War II. Continental expansion, Monroe Doctrine, imperialism, Open Door, neutrality and World War I, isolationism, the road to Pearl Harbor.

    HIST 2254 (2540) The United States and Vietnam
    The Vietnam War, with attention to traditional Vietnamese history; the struggle against French imperialism; the cold war and American involvement in Vietnam; impact of the war on Vietnamese society; the war at home; peacemaking and withdrawal; the aftermath.

    HIST 2301 (3228) Ethnic and Religious Minorities in the Middle East
    Examines the process of change of the Middle East from a religious and ethnic mosaic to an increasingly homogeneous region. Topics include the process of conversion to Islam and the relationships between the Islamic regimes of the Middle East and their religious and ethnic minorities, focusing on Christians and Jews, and the effects of modernization, European colonialism, and nationalism on the minorities in the region.

    HIST 2501 (1701) History and Ethnography
    Examines the idea that historically, writers within the Western tradition have often defined themselves in relations to others. By looking at texts and images that purport to show others, the course considers what they say about Europeans ideas of themselves in their historical context, and if it is possible to write about other cultures objectively. Also explores how historians have used cultural difference and ethnological description as causal forces.

    HIST 2511 (1125) The Crusades
    Examines the Crusades in the Middle Ages, focusing on religious, economic, and social origins; the nature of Christian and Muslim relations; the character of the Crusader kingdom; and the legacy of the crusading idea in Western culture.

    HIST 2514 (3218) Imperialism and the Middle East
    Analyzes European political, economic and cultural imperialism in the Middle East during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and the impact of colonial rule on peoples of the Middle East.

    HIST 2517 (4931) US Engagement with the Middle East: Power, Faith and Fantasy(Same as POLI 4930.)
    Traces the interaction between religion, popular culture and American policy toward the Middle East.

    HIST 2520 Atlantic World
    Before they became "the United States," the American colonies belonged to a broader, multinational and heterogeneous collection of colonies which historians term "the Atlantic World." This course will consider the transatlantic connections that defined this "world": economic, social, political, and how it transformed over the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.

    HIST 2531 (1070) The History of the Cold War
    The Soviet-American conflict after World War II, with attention to Soviet expansion into Eastern Europe; the Marshall Plan; NATO and the nuclear arms race; the Chinese Revolution and Korean War; Cuban missile crisis; Vietnam War, Brezhnev Doctrine; Third World struggles; dtente; and the end of the cold war.

    HIST 2601 Legal History
    Law is the matrix through which society operates, from the earliest city-states to the nations of today. This course examines in broad terms the development of legal systems, the relationship of subject/citizen and the state, criminality, and domestic vs. international justice from the historical perspective.

    HIST 2604 Piracy and the Nation State
    Examines the history of piracy from the perspective of states relationships with it. From the Roman Republic to present-day Somalia, how states have dealt with pirates off their shores teaches us a great deal about them: what their priorities and values are, the centrality of trade, what they consider criminal, and how they wish to be perceived by other states. Whether as enemies of the human race or useful adjutants to navies, perceptions of piracy have often defined how a state regards itself.

    HIST 2607 International Crimes: Atrocity and State Response in the 20th Century
    Explores the emergence and incidence of genocide and other crimes against humanity in the 20th century. Emphasis will be placed on how the international community has responded, the use of the trial and other forms of retributive justice, and the emergence of international law after the Second World War.

    HIST 2610 (2550) Dissent and Repression in the United States
    Political repression from the colonial period to the present, including the Alien and Sedition Acts, anti-abolitionism, Civil War, repression of labor unions, World War I, Red Scare, Japanese American internment, McCarthyism, and the war on terrorism.

    HIST 2613 (4930) Law and Dispute Settlement in Pre-Modern Europe
    Examines the development of legal systems and the methods used to settle disputes in pre-modern Europe, by comparing the various ways in which laws were made in Europe from the Greeks to the sixteenth century, and reading a variety of records to see how disagreements were settled in practice in this period.

    HIST 2701 Topics in the History of Modern Science
    Introduces students to the historical development of the modern physical and life sciences, as well as introducing them to the social and historical analysis of science. Explores how science has come to enjoy the enormous prestige and support it has in modern western society, and how science takes place as an activity embedded in and drawing upon broader culture.

    HIST 2801 (1400) Greek Civilization
    Political, social, and cultural history of Greek civilization from its origins in the second millennium BCE to the period of Roman domination. The rise and fall of nations and leaders; daily life in ancient Greece; development of Greek literature, art, and philosophy; interaction of Greeks with other peoples of the ancient Mediterranean world (especially the Phoenicians, Persians, Jews, and Romans).

    HIST 2811 (1410) Roman Civilization
    Social, political, cultural, religious, and economic history of Rome from the city's foundation in the 8th century BCE to the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century CE. Particular emphasis on the late Republic and Early Empire. Examination of different types of evidence available for the study of ancient Rome (literary, archaeological, numismatic, papyrological, epigraphic, and artistic) and current resources and problems in the field of Roman history.

    HIST 2821 (1000) Archeology
    An introduction to world pre-history, with an emphasis on the rise and fall of social and political complexity. Topics range from cave paintings and early farmers to the first civilizations in Mesopotamia, Egypt, China, and Central and South America.

    HIST 2901 The Civilizing Process in the West
    Examines the civilizing process in the West across roughly five-hundred years, from the Renaissance to the early 20th century. Topics include: shifting standards of polite behavior, especially as regards table manners; the "olfactory revolution" and the elevation of visual over other modes of sensory experience; instinctual renunciation and curbs on aggression; western critics of the civilizing process such as Rousseau and Nietzsche; and how the ideas of "civility" and "civilized" have been used as markers of social distinction, both within western societies and between western and non-western societies.

    HIST 2904 (4693) Women, Culture, and Society in the Modern World
    Interdisciplinary course examining the changing historical, cultural, and literary concepts of the subject of women, focusing on Europe and America in the 19th and 20th centuries. A topical approach is used to explore women's lives through important literary sources, historical documents, and scholarly materials.

    HIST 2907 (4695) Modernity
    Interdisciplinary course on change and how individuals and societies respond to it. Topics may include traditional society; revolution, identity, and the state; technology; modernity and city life; globalization and the Third World.

    HIST 2910 Creating the State  This course examines the growth and the evolution of the state as both a social and philosophical construct from antiquity to the modern era.
    HIST 2913 Immigration Nations: US and Israel  
    A comparative survey of immigrant, ethnic, and racial experience in the 20th and 21st centuries with particular attention to patterns of similarities and differences of the diverse groups within each society.

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    III. Capstone Seminars

    *HIST 3001 (1610 - old title: Ideas of History) Ideas of History I: Antiquity to the Renaissance
    Examines a selection of historians from antiquity to the Renaissance such as Herodotus, Josephus, Geoffrey of Monmouth, and Machiavelli in order to set them in their intellectual context and to ask questions about the nature of history.

    *HIST 3002 (4150 - old title: Historiography) Ideas of History II: 19th Century to the Present (Freedman)
    Examines works by some of the most influential historians from the early 19th century to the present. Leopold von Ranke, J. Huizingua, Fernand Braudel, E. P. Thompson, and Natalie Davis in order to survey the range of approaches to the study of the past.

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    IV. Senior Thesis and Independent Study

    HIST 4001 (4970) Senior Thesis

    HIST 4901/4902 Independent Study

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