• Biology

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    BIOLOGY (BIO)

    BIOL 1001C, BIOL 1002C Essentials of Biology (4 credits)
    For non-majors. Presents a levels approach to the study of biology. First semester: physiochemical principles underlying living systems, cell structure and functions, cellular energetics, cell division, laws of genetics; laboratory work: emphasis on the recognition and classification of life forms. Second semester: thorough study of human anatomy and physiology; laboratory work: mammalian histology and dissection. Lecture: 3 hours; lab: 2 hours. Laboratory fee.

    BIOL 1005C Human Biology (4 credits)

    A one-semester lecture/laboratory course for non-science majors. Students will study basic anatomy and physiology of major organ systems, and appreciate common clinical applications. Laboratory exercises will reinforce basic concepts, teach microscope skills and supplement the lecture with exercises in genetics, histology, physiology and biochemistry.

    BIOL 1011C, BIOL 1012C Principles of Biology (4 credits)
    For majors. Introductory analysis of the various biological concepts at the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels. First semester: biochemistry of molecules, enzyme kinetics, cell biology, cellular energetics, cellular reproduction, genetics, and molecular biology; second semester: population biology, evolution, botany, comparative animal physiology, and ecology. Laboratory work, including dissections, complements the lectures. Lecture: 3 hours; lab: 3 hours.

    BIOL 1405L Research Methods in Biology (2 credits)
    Lab: 4 hours. Laboratory fee.

    BIOL 2206C Invertebrate Zoology 4 credits
    An evolutionary approach to the study of form and function in invertebrate animals. Laboratory provides a survey of phyla, utilizing living and preserved specimens as selected representative species. Dissection and behavioral studies. Counts toward area 1. Lecture: 2 hours; lab: 4 hours. Laboratory fee. Pre-requisite: BIOL 1012C.

    BIOL 2206R Invertebrate Zoology Lecture (2 credits)
    Same as above, lecture only.

    BIOL 2601 Human Development (2 credits)
    Focus on normal and human embryonic and fetal development as well as congenital anomalies and birth defects. Fetal physiology and maternal-fetal interactions are presented as well as other related topics such as assisted reproductive technology.

    BIOL 2730C Human Anatomy (4 credits)
    A regional approach to the study of the human body, with special focus on human locomotory anatomy. Laboratory emphasizes mammalian (cat) dissection. Counts toward area 3. Lecture: 3 hours; lab: 4 hours. Laboratory fee. Pre-requisite: BIOL 1012C.

    BIOL 3038C Ecology (4 credits)
    An interdisciplinary approach demonstrating the impact of geological, climatological, and evolutionary processes on the distribution of life on earth. Emphasis on the concepts of niche and ecosystem, particularly in laboratory sessions employing living species. Counts toward area 1. Lecture: 2 hours; lab: 4 hours. Laboratory fee. Pre-requisite: BIOL 1012C.

    BIOL 3038R Ecology Lecture (3 credits)
    Same as above, lecture only.

    BIOL 3130C Animal Diversity (4 credits)
    Biodiversity through the lens the Animal Kingdom. Focus will be placed on what actually accounts for the diversity of animal life. Such topics as genetics, natural selection, biogeography, competition, and the interactions of the human species with other animals will be explored. (Lecture: 3 hours; Lab: 3 hours). Laboratory fee. Pre-requisite: BIOL 1012C.

    BIOL 3130R Animal Diversity (3 credits)
    The lecture- only portion of BIOL 2130C.

    BIOL 3135C Human Histology (4 credits)
    This course covers the composition of the human body at the subcellular, cellular, tissue and organ levels with an emphasis on relationships between structure and function. Clinical significance and applications and disease mechanisms are emphasized. Counts toward area 2. Lecture: 2 hours; lab: 4 hours. Laboratory fee. Pre-requisite: BIOL 1012C.

    BIOL 3207C Cell Biology (4 credits)
    Basic architecture of cellular organelles and components; dynamics of growth, nutrition, cell cycle, metabolism, and metabolic regulation; specialized cell functions. Laboratory accompanies lectures. Counts toward area 2. Lecture: 2 hours; lab: 4 hours. Laboratory fee. Pre-requisite: BIOL 1012C. Pre- or co-requisite: CHEM 1046C.

    BIOL 3221 Nutrition (2 credits)
    Clinical nutrition, directed to common medical disorders, relevant physiology, nutrition al implications, and therapy. Nutrition in gastrointestinal disorders, diabetes, cancer, and AIDS. Pre-requisite: BIOL 1012C. Recommended: CHEM 1045C, CHEM 1046C.

    BIOL 3230C Immunology (4 credits)
    Basic principles, theories, and current problems in immunology. Emphasis on antigens, haptenes, antibodies, antibody specificity, antibody- antigen reactions and immediate and delayed hypersensitivity, as well as transplant and autoimmune phenomena. Counts toward area 2. Lecture: 2 hours; lab: 4 hours. Laboratory fee. Pre-requisite: BIOL 1012C.

    BIOL 3230R Immunology Lecture (2 credits)
    The lecture portion alone of the above course.

    BIOL 3241 Pharmacology (2 credits)
    Major aspects of pharmacology: pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, mechanisms of action, physiologic effects as well as adverse effects of drugs. Course is organized by drug class according to either organ system or therapeutic category. Pre-requisite: BIOL 1012C. Recommended: BIOL 3728, CHEM 1046C

    BIOL 3310 Human Viruses and Disease (2 credits)
    This course is designed for students who are interested in entering a health-related field. Areas covered are: specific viral infections of children and adults including cold viruses, influenza viruses, and HIV, epidemiology, diagnostic methods, and control of viral disease by immunization and anti-viral chemotherapy. The relationship between viruses and cancer will also be explored. Pre-requisite: BIOL 1002C or BIOL 1012C or its equivalent.

    BIOL 3513C Genetics (4 credits)
    Course spans Mendelian genetics, chromosomal morphology, cell divisions, linkage, gene mapping, chromosomal aberrations, DNA, RNA, eukaryotic chromosome replication, gene regulation, extra-nuclear genetics, and the principles of biotechnology. Laboratory exercises complement lectures. Counts toward area 2. Lecture: 2 hours; lab: 4 hours. Laboratory fee. Pre-requisite: BIOL 1012C.

    BIOL 3521C Molecular Biology (4 credits)
    A comprehensive study of the gene in prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems. Analysis of the molecular anatomy of the chromosome, structure and organization of the genes and their regulatory regions, and protein (DNA interactions, transcriptional and post transcriptional control, RNA processing, and translation into proteins). Laboratory introduces various recombinant DNA techniques. Counts toward area 2. Lecture: 2 hours; lab: 4 hours. Laboratory fee. Pre-requisite: BIOL 3207C or BIOL 3513C or BIOL 4937C or CHEM 1376.

    BIOL 3728C Human Physiology (4 credits)
    Physicochemical principles involved in life processes. Lectures and laboratory illustrate these principles in the physiological systems of humans. Counts toward area 3. Lecture: 2 hours; lab: 4 hours. Laboratory fee. Pre-requisite: BIOL 1012C.

    BIOL 3730 Reproductive Biology (2 credits)
    Basic mechanisms of reproductive biology with emphasis on human reproduction. Gametogenesis and implantation, reproductive health, and infertility are among the topics covered. Pre-requisite: BIOL 1012C.

    BIOL 3735 Biology of Women's Health (2 credits)
    Biology of conditions affecting women's health. Topics covered include reproduction, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, cancer, and autoimmune diseases. Articles from medical journals and clinical trial data are discussed. Pre-requisite: BIOL 1002C or BIOL 1012C.

    BIOL 3750 Medical Biochemistry (2 credits)
    Reviews major human metabolic pathways with focus on biochemical alterations that accompany a wide range of human diseases and conditions. Emphasis on advanced methods of molecular medicine for diagnosis and treatment of genetic and metabolic disorders. Pre- or co-requisite: CHEM 1213C.

    BIOL 3801 Endocrinology (2 credits)
    Structure and function of the hormone -producing endocrine glands. Emphasis on the nature of hormones structure, mechanisms of action, and physiologic effects. The interaction and integration of the endocrine system with other organ systems is demonstrated. Disease state and clinical case studies reinforce basic principles. Pre-requisite: BIOL 1012. Recommended: BIOL 3728.

    BIOL 3830R Neurobiology Lecture (2 credits)
    Nerve cells and their organization into complex nervous systems; major concepts in neurobiology, including impulse conduction, synaptic transmission, sensory processing, motor function, and memory. Pre-requisite: BIOL 1012C.

    BIOL 3830L Neurobiology Laboratory (2 credits)
    This course covers basic experimental methods and approaches in the neurosciences with a focus on the analysis of functional neuroanatomy, molecular markers, and behavior period.  Pre-requisite: BIOL 1012C, BIOL 3830R or permission of instructor.

    BIOL 4023C Microbiology (4 credits)
    Topics include prokaryotic cell structure and function, microbial nutrition, growth and control, microbial metabolism, bacteriophages, and microbial genetics. Laboratory exercises complement lectures. Counts toward area 3. Lecture: 2 hours; lab: 4 hours. Laboratory fee. Pre-requisite: BIOL 1012C. Co-requisite: CHEM 1046C.

    BIOL 4901, BIOL 4902 Independent Study
    See Academic Information and Policies section. Laboratory fee on an individual basis.

    BIOL 4930; 4931 Current Topics in Biology (2 credits)
    Selected subjects from current developments in a variety of biological disciplines, such as animal behavior, endocrinology, environmental issues, and molecular genetics. Pre-requisites: BIOL 1012C and permission of the instructor.

    BIOL 4933; BIOL 4934; BIOL 4935; BIOL 4936 Topics in Biology (2 credits)

    BIOL 4937C Biotechnology (3 credits)
    A study of the applications of the modern methods of biotechnology to the areas of agriculture, the environment, forensics, medical diagnostics, therapeutics, and vaccines. Major focus on the contributions of recombinant DNA technology. Pre-requisite: BIOL 1012, CHEM 1046.

    BIOL 4941 Topics: Bioinformatics (4 credits)
    Introduction to current bioinformatics tools and databases and the theoretical and practical applications of computer science to biological science. The application of information technology toward the analysis and organization of scientific data. Focus on molecular biology. Algorithms, systems, and databases used to facilitate and expedite biological research, for the analysis of biological data, the prediction of biological functions based on structural data, and information management issues such as the fundamental principles of data mining, are covered. Pre- or co-requisites: BIOL 1011C, COMP 1300C.

    BIOL 4947, BIOL 4948 Research Internship
    Credits depend on number of hours devoted. Research project at an approved laboratory in New York under the joint guidance of the head of the laboratory and a faculty member at Stern College for Women. Pre-requisites: BIOL 1012C and permission of the instructor.

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